Numerous circumstances lead to homelessness, and BRC has developed a diverse array of residential communities where individuals can live while they address the challenges that have impeded their ability to find and keep a home.

BRC operates several residences for individuals living with mental illness. Fulton House, Cecil Ivory House and Casa de los Vecinos are three BRC residential programs with a combined capacity of 104 beds that are licensed by the New York State Office of Mental Health as Community Residences. BRC also offers the 77-bed Reception Center, the 101-bed Boulevard Residence, and the 200-bed Jack Ryan Residence for homeless adults living with mental illness. While residing in these programs, individuals gain insight into their illness, and develop the skills to manage their health and live independently. Many resume their educations, and obtain employment. As their health and confidence improves, they graduate to their own apartment (see Permanent Housing, below), or to a shared-living program, like BRC's Metropolitan Apartment Program (MAP). In MAP, 87 individuals who have made great progress in their treatment are given the opportunity, under supervision, to demonstrate their ability to integrate into the community and live independently in an apartment, on their own or with a peer. Eventually, they too graduate to permanent housing.

For those homeless adults not challenged by mental illness, BRC offers the 110-bed Palace Employment Residence (on the Bowery) and the 103-bed Lexington Avenue Women's Residence (in Bedford-Stuyvesant). Each offer the opportunity to set and attain goals in housing and employment, while also addressing other needs, such as: surviving domestic violence, managing healthcare needs, furthering their education, living sober, and reuniting with children and other family members. These residences partner closely with BRC's employment services program, Horizons. Combined, BRC's transitional housing programs assisted over 650 homeless people find and move home in FY12.